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France has the largest cattle herd in Europe, with no less than 25 breeds. Responding to the names of Charolaise, Blonde d’Aquitaine, Rouge des Prés, Normande, Limousine, Gasconne, Aubrac, … they evoke all the charm and variety of our campaigns, and constitute a real heritage. The establishment in our terroirs of different breeds, is explained by the nature of the soil, the slope, the climate, the different qualities of grassland but also by the will of the breeder.

The three types of cattle breeds:
In cattle, there are three types of breeds:

Meat breeds (or nursing breeds), specializing in meat production.
This type of breed consists of three families:

The Traditional: Charolaise, Limousine, Blonde d’Aquitaine, Rouge des Prés …
Regional: Blanc-bleu, Parthenaise
The Rustics: Salers, Gasconne, Aubrac …
Dairy breeds, bred for milk production: Hosltein, Prim’Holstein, Bretonne pie noire, Jersaise …

Mixed breeds, as famous for their milk as for their meat: Normande, Montbéliarde, Abondance, Tarentaise, Simmental …

Credit : la-viande.fr https://www.la-viande.fr/animal-elevage/boeuf/races-bovines