How to reduce the impact of livestock on the greenhouse effect?
Beyond the methane which is naturally emitted by all ruminants, there are levers for action on which breeders are working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock and more generally to improve their impact on environment. In addition, a major program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions was launched in 2015: LIFE BEEF CARBON.
Savings and recycling: synonymous with reduced carbon emissions
Farmers are working to reduce their consumption of electricity and fuel oil by adjusting their tractors or insulating buildings. But energy savings also involve saving on everything that is bought outside (fertilizers, animal feed, etc.) and that requires energy to be produced:
Farmers use animal droppings as natural fertilizer: spread on crops at the right dose and at the right time to preserve water quality, this recycling saves mineral fertilizers and greenhouse gases.
A limited use of phytosanitary products: the important place of meadows in the majority of herbivore farms (60% of their surface on average) allows to have a balanced agronomic system with long rotations. This leads to very little use of plant protection products.
Renewable energy production: solar panels, vegetable oil as fuel, use of hedgerow wood as fuel, production of biogas through the methanization of excrement.
Farmers maintain the meadows and hedgerows which store carbon and which also provide many environmental services (biodiversity, fight against erosion, preservation of water quality, landscape)